Symptoms of Endometriosis
The foremost complication that arises as the primary symptom of endometriosis is a pelvic pain. This pain is more noticed during the menstrual period. It is common for women to experience cramping at the time of their menstrual period. Nonetheless, the pain suffered during the periods due to the effects of endometriosis is far worse than usual. The pain increases in severity over time.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Endometriosis:
Painful Periods (Dysmenorrhea)
Dysmenorrhea or pain in the pelvic area during menstrual bleeding might extend quite a good number of days than the usual due to the effects of endometriosis. Cramping is noticed before the beginning of the period accompanied by lower back and abdominal pain.
Pain with Intercourse
Women suffering from the syndrome of endometriosis experience pain during sexual intercourse. The effect remains even after it and gives a burning sensation in the genitals. The woman is recorded to be losing interest from sex due to such pain.
Pain with Bowel Movements or Urination
Women with endometriosis are most likely to experience symptoms like Pain with bowel movements or urination during your period.
Occasional heavy periods apart from the scheduled dates, commonly known as menorrhagia, is noticed in women suffering from endometriosis. Excessive or bleeding between periods, commonly known as menometrorrhagia, is also noticed.
A woman diagnosed with endometriosis suffers from infertility and seek treatment to overcome it.
Women are often noticed to be suffering from the following issues, especially during menstrual periods, due to the effect of endometriosis:
The severity of the pain increases with the extremity of the condition and is a reliable indicator for understanding the seriousness. However, in unfamiliar cases, women suffering from mild endometriosis may also experience intense pain. On the other hand, women suffering from advanced endometriosis may experience very little or even no pain at all.
Endometriosis can be mistaken for other conditions causing pelvic pain, like an ovarian cyst or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). It might also be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In this syndrome, the woman suffers from abdominal cramping, bouts of diarrhea, and constipation. This syndrome is usually accompanied by endometriosis.
Consulting the Doctor
It is always advised to every woman right from her puberty initiation to immediately consult a doctor in case suffers heavy or abnormal menstrual bleeding. Light to mild pain or cramps is considered to be normal during menstruation. However, severe pain should be immediately reported to the doctor. It is very important to see the doctor in case you have any signs and symptoms indicating endometriosis. An early diagnosis is always beneficial for both the patient and the medical team to manage it better.
Causes of Endometriosis
The exact cause of endometriosis is not yet definite. The possible clarifications related to this syndrome are:
Retrograde menstruation is one of the major causes of endometriosis. In this condition, the menstrual blood full of endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and accumulates into the pelvic cavity. Hence, it does not flow out of the body. The supplanted endometrial cells get to stick to the surfaces of pelvic organs and the pelvic walls and. These cells grow there and continue to thicken and bleed over the course of each menstrual cycle.
Embryonic Cell Transformation
Estrogen hormone has the tendency to transform embryonic cells into endometrial cell implants during puberty during its early growth stages. This can cause endometriosis in women.
Peritoneal Cells Transformation
The “induction theory,” researchers have found that immune or hormone factors stimulate peritoneal cell transformation. Hence, the cells lining inside the inner side of the abdomen gets transmuted into endometrial cells causing endometriosis.
Endometrial Cells Transport
The lymphatic system transports endometrial cells to other parts of the body causing endometriosis.
Disorder in the Immune System
Problems related to the immune system make the body unfit to identify and eliminate endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Hence, the chances of endometriosis increase in such women.
Surgical Scar Implantation
Endometrial cells may get attached to surgical incision post-surgery like hysterectomy or C-section.
Factors of Risk
There are many factors of risk involved with the developing endometriosis. These are:
- Inability to conceive a child
- Starting menstrual period in the woman at an early age
- Delayed menopause
- Shorter menstrual cycles
- Higher levels of estrogen in the body
- Low BMI (body mass index)
- Consumption of excessive alcohol
- Previous occurrence of endometriosis in mother, aunt or sister
- Restriction in the normal passage of menstrual flow out of the body
- Abnormalities in the uterine
The major complication related to endometriosis is diminished levels of fertility. Almost 50% women affected by endometriosis face difficulties in conceiving. Endometriosis obstructs the fallopian tube and restricts the egg to travel through it and unite with the sperm. Hence the egg fails to be fertilized by a sperm cell and get attached to the uterine wall to begin development. Thus, it affects the fertility. Patients with endometriosis commonly experience failed IVF cycles. It might require them a couple of trials to achieve pregnancy. It is better to complete the entire course of treatment first and then begins with IVF trials to achieve better success.
However, women suffering from mild to moderate endometriosis are able to conceive and carry on with the gestation. It is mostly advised to women affected by endometriosis not to delay in having children as their condition may worsen with time.
There are many complications that come with endometriosis. Adhesions in the pelvic organs are one of the common complications that result in decreased function of the organs. Since endometriosis usually blocks the fallopian tubes and hence restricts the eggs to reach the sperm, women suffer from infertility issues.
Women suffering from severe endometriosis have difficulties conceiving even with series of medical treatments and surgical execution. Such women are mostly advised to apply for surrogacy in order to have a baby without difficulty.